Growing Ridge Gourd, Cultivation Practices Details
The following information is about “Growing Ridge Gourd and Cultivation Practices”.
The ridge gourd belongs to the Cucurbitaceous family. The Cucurbitaceous family consists many other species like snake gourd and pumpkin. The Cucurbitaceous family contains 118 genus and 825 species. The scientific name of ridge gourd is Luffa. These ridge gourds belong to the tropical and subtropical regions. This vegetable is cultivated as a fruit, but consumed as a vegetable. This should be harvested at a young stage so that it would be edible as a vegetable. This vegetable is native to the Central and Eastern Countries of Asia. This can be popularly seen in Vietnam, China and India.
It is very fibrous, when it is fully ripened. With this ridge gourd in India many dishes can be prepared. This is an essential herb in Ayurveda treatment of skin diseases also. The plant texture is hard, but the cultivation process is very easy. These can also be cultivated in indoor places with colder climates. All over the world India ranks 1st in cultivating all varieties of vegetables and China is in 2nd place for cultivating vegetables. It is cultivated in the summer and rainy seasons. It is a creeper crop and has a habit of climbing and trailing.
Characteristics of Growing Ridge Gourd:
- The ridge gourd is a fast growing plant.
- It is a climbing vine. It requires some support for spreading.
- They require good sunlight.
- These plants flourish in humid climatic conditions.
- The female flowers are yellow in color; the leaves are lobed and are dark green in color with elongated, straight and slightly curved pods.
- The edible pod length is 10-18 cm when immature.
Properties of Growing Ridge Gourd:
- The ridge gourd has very little fat and calorie content
- It is devoid of cholesterol.
- It contains sodium and potassium.
- Ridge gourd contains Zinc, Thiamine, Selenium, Riboflavin, Phosphorous, Niacin, Manganese, Magnesium, Iron, Copper, Folate and Calcium
- It contains Vitamins like Vitamin A, VitaminB-12, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, and Vitamin E.